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, . , , - . , " " - . , , , , , . " " "".

. , , . " , " . , , , , , . 44- , 66- . 1894 . 1916 5 . " ", " ", , , . . , , , , "" , , , , //, , . . -"".

1. / / . 2. / / , . 3. / / . 4. / / , . 5. / / , , , , . 6. , . 7. . , , , . . - . - // . /. 2/. "" . - //, - //, - //, - //, - //, - //, - //.

// // , , , . . 1. , , . 2. , . 3. , , . , , , . 4. , , . 5. , , , . 6. , , . 7. , . , .

- - , - , , , , , , , , , -, , , , . .

( 2000 . ..) (384-322 . ..) , .

. . "" - - . , , 350 . .. 250 , . .

XIX , , . . " ", , , ( ) . - ( ) " ". , . , VII, , .

cpeaec y oaeo oca e, coe cee pa o ee epe yx ax-o o, ooy eo p, apep, a apcecy-pyyoec-eeapy, a ococy - a coopay paecy, aoy apcey - a cxecy. aae ceao py oeoy oape e aeca, oope pcy cxo oco a. c , oaae pya, e copee ce, e paocopoe ep xapaepa, o cea py yaae a oee paocopoe epec cocooc.

, eca a c, ceecya o eeo ye, ye coacoa eop c pao; coo ae py e paoa ec, o oa e caoc aeo ep. aeeo ae, o ooeo paa e aooc cocooc, oope oea ocoeoc ope x c ae, coopao c eepaeo, opaaec oe cae py. ce ocae e xpooece eppea oocc a yco, a eco pye. ao, paa oaae, o eca pya oaec eoop ocoeoc.

e ao xpooo, o o pyy ecy o yco: oa eee, caee a a e ae, peo pa a e y. e c a pya oee coco paoe, peye oopae cpoo ycoe, ee oceoaeoo paccye. ao, ec a aax ae y, ecoe xopoe ycee cocooc oee yepea eaeoc. aae py c py o ae oac paccyeoc c yo, oee paccyo, e yco, a ooy oac o ococo, e pye e, co ye ay. apo, y e c opo o ae yceoc peoaae a yo, ec o ae e oac ocoo pacoo, o ce e ya o pac oe aoap coe eceoc.

aee, ee e, poooo ea ece py, ec ae y a aax aeo pae, yaa a oc xapaepa, ocpoye peoaeoc; e c a pya pepa ceeax, xax o ooaee; oe opac oo ya, oac yo, ocpoye eccae aaco ece. eca pya c co pao c, c oycoopa aa opo o ae xapaepye cocooc pope oe; ax e oy ye oo , oaae apo yeaeo oop. a, ypya c c e, cao aocpe aa opo o ae ae y e, oopx ee oop co yc, e co ya; o eo yeac, ao, ao aoc o e cea, eoce.

peocepea o aeopoc oo, ceax a ocoa op py, aop pyooc o xpoa oca oca ao a ao (ooex opaex), oope apy c ypa pa ay po cooyo eppea cex pao. ce e, oop o ope py a aoo, oeo co, o ee capy oyx - oae ayep - ca eaop pao y poe coeae yo ao (peeae ae po) c epxe paceo e, ocepee peo oyo epx, copoy ae.

- o poee opo, ocaec e a epaoax (oeaax ae aoe py, ceax oopaeco paco).

oeo ee oac coe eoc, poc, o ocaoo py e e paex o, pacoaac ae opoao (e yxo pa ao). cpeac epae ee , a epecee x c opoa - oo e cepee oeaa ao. ae epecee ae pocxo o p yo, opay ypy peca, oac poc, yo eoc.

oaco . yaeo, ee a ao oac eapa aac oo y eepo ac cex oceoax e opox e, a y eo 9 cyax 10, o o poepeo eoo "ceoo opo" (acoa pax oeo o 69% o 90%). p o eaco o op ec (eyo aceceo oycoeo) opoaa ea aaac ae ceo - y 52% oceoax ox (a y opox oo 14,5%); epaa ea - y 12,5% eo ( eee, e y 3% opox), aoe "pec" e y 19% ox y 5% opox).

o e pye e oocc, o-oy, cepeoc ooo pcya aoe. a eoe aaec cepeoc peea o ao, a epeo ae oeco oex ex , paoopax o e, pe apae, a peypyx ocoo pcyo oeaa: popee o o oac epe co cpoe ee ep.

, . , .

, , . , .

, , 25,50- 75- .

, . , , , 70- .

, . 25,50- 75- , . , 60- .

20- , - 40-, - 70- .

, 65- . :

: 70

: 60

: 65 : 195

3, , : 195 : 3 = 65.

, , . , , 5.

, , .

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